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Tuesday, August 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of Soil and vegetation changes after clear-felling coniferous forests found in the catalog.

Soil and vegetation changes after clear-felling coniferous forests

Bengt Olsson

Soil and vegetation changes after clear-felling coniferous forests

effects of varying removal of logging residues

by Bengt Olsson

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  • 35 Currently reading

Published by Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Dept. of Ecology and Environmental Research in Uppsala .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Forest soils -- Composition.,
  • Slash (Logging),
  • Clearcutting.,
  • Conifers -- Soils -- Sweden.,
  • Plant-soil relationships.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementBengt Olsson.
    SeriesRapport / Institutionen för ekologi och miljövård -- 80 = -- Report / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology and Environmental Research -- 80., Rapport (Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Institutionen för ekologi och miljövård) -- 80.
    ContributionsSveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15418485M
    ISBN 109157649774

      Underneath the conifers, the soil remained acid, and in some cases became even more acid. The most acid soils were beneath Scots pine, Douglas fir, larch and Austrian pine (Pinus nigra). One way to evaluate the forest and vegetation resources of the state is to examine what they were like prior to European settlement. The series of maps below will give you an idea as to the patterns of vegetation in Michigan in the early 's. They start out more general, and become more detailed father down the page. Source: Unknown.

    The vegetation on the four study sites was analysed in and , i.e. and years after clear-felling, respectively. On all occasions, the field work was conducted between mid-July and mid-August and begun at the southern sites. The cover of all field- and bottom-layer species and the canopy cover of the planted trees.   In contrast, lower N mic levels were reported for a coniferous forest soil impacted by a wildfire in Spain and for a eucalypt forest soil impacted by a moderate-intensity bushfire in South Australia. While fire seems to consistently reduce C mic, the effects of fire on N mic and of harvesting on both C mic and N mic are variable.

    Soil and Natural Vegetation Connections ANSWERS/RESOURCE LIST vegetation of one region gradually changes into the Student Book Questions, pp. CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING 1. Describe the four components that make up a true soil. ANSWER: (pp. –) The four components of a true soil are minerals, bacteria and organic materials, air, and. Can the forest plantations have been a factor in soil acidity and acidic soil degradation? It is known, that the trees, when grow in the forest, carried out of the soil more than 60 chemical elements.


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Soil and vegetation changes after clear-felling coniferous forests by Bengt Olsson Download PDF EPUB FB2

The lack of any discernable effect was partly explained by the increase in the heterogeneity of the soil after clear-felling caused by the logging operations. On the other hand, Mroz et al. () detected a loss of Mg N ha-' within a few years in the top 1 m of the soil after clear-felling a red maple forest in by: Fire is the predominant natural disturbance that influences the community structure as well as ecosystem function in forests.

This study was conducted to examine the soil properties, loss of aboveground biomass, and understory plant community in response to an anthropogenic fire in a coniferous (Pinus massoniana Lamb.) and broadleaf (Quercus acutissima Carruth.) mixed forest in a subtropical Cited by: 1.

Changes in soil fauna 10 years after forest harvestings: Comparison between clear felling and green- June Forest Ecology and Management Anne siira-pietikäinen.

The number and structure of microbial communities, biomass and soil microflora activity were studied under a closed or moderately thinned Norway spruce [Picea abies] stand near Rajec, Czech Republic. The values were compared with those in an early clearcut area ( years after felling), an overgrown clearcut ( years after felling), and with soil under a beech [Fagus sylvatica] : B.

Grunda. We studied the influence of clear felling and new alternative forest regeneration methods on soil macroarthropods during the first 3 years after the h Cited by: The understorey vegetation in a lichen–Scots pine forest was monitored during 20 years before and after clear-felling.

Plots with and without logging residues were compared concerning the general pattern of the vegetation dynamics and changes in species composition, dominance, richness, evenness and diversity. The succession of both treatments had a clear principal component analysis.

Long-term effects of nitrogen fertilization on ground vegetation in coniferous forests. Author links open overlay observed retention of the fertilizer in the soil after clear-felling than with the total load applied previously.

This finding suggests that any change in the nitrogen storage of soils can cause changes in the natural vegetation. However, clear-felling is believed by some to compromise the second important objective of restoration – namely the protection of remnant conservation values.

Pryor et al. () list 11 potential adverse effects of clear-felling which may result in the loss of remnant woodland flora of high conservation value.

They recommend that rather than. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index. The NDVI is a dimensionless index that describes the difference between visible and near-infrared reflectance of vegetation cover and can be used to estimate the density of green on an area of land (Weier and Herring, ).

Short-term responses of soil decomposer communities to forest management: clear felling versus alternative forest harvesting methods We conclude that the decomposers of the coniferous forest soils are well buffered against initial environmental changes resulting from forest harvesting, and also that the PLFA pattern is a sensitive indicator.

The soil in a coniferous forest tends to be young and nutrient-poor. The "thinness" of the soil is usually because of the cold, that hinders the development of soil and the ease, which plants can use its nutrients.

Fallen leaves and moss can last on the forest floor for a long time in the cool, moist climate, which limits their organic. Ground-vegetation succession was analysed at four Swedish coniferous sites years after clear-felling.

At each site, three levels of logging-residue harvesting were applied in a randomized. We studied the influence of clear felling and new alternative forest regeneration methods on soil macroarthropods during the first 3 years after the harvesting.

Also plants are important because it helps animals and other living creatures by giving them oxygen. In the taiga, the plants, also known as flora, are mostly cold-tolerant evergreen conifers with pointy leaves, such as: pine, spruce, and fir plants.

The leaves of trees in the coniferous forest do not fall off in autumn or in winter. Coniferous forest, vegetation composed primarily of cone-bearing needle-leaved or scale-leaved evergreen trees, found in areas with long winters and moderate to high annual precipitation.

Pines, spruces, firs, and larches are the dominant trees in coniferous forests with a. Olsson and Kellner () measured vegetation in three Swedish forests years after multiple N-fertilizations and years after clear felling. They found persistent differences in total.

The sites were selected because their vegetation was subalpine mountain coniferous forests and they were located between 1, m and 3, m above mean sea level (amsl). The study area has a warm temperate continental monsoon climate, and mostly cinnamon soil.

Forest N fertilization is a common practice in areas of Sweden that are not affected by high levels of N deposition. The environmental consequences of high N input to closed forests are fairly well known, but the long-term effects following clear-felling are a lot less well known.

Thus, residual effects on soil and planted seedlings of previous N additions at an experimental N gradient According to the book “Vegetation of China”, which was published inChina has six major forest types (Fig.

1): cold temperate coniferous forest, temperate coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest, warm temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest, subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest, tropical rainforest and monsoon forest, and Qinghai. Microfungal species composition was studied in coniferous forest soils which had been treated with lime or wood ash.

The pH increased by about units at the highest rate of application. Fungi were isolated 4–5 years after the treatments using a soil washing technique. At one site, Öringe, clear differences in species composition due to liming were found. Olsson BA, Staaf H, Lundkvist H, Rosén K. Carbon and nitrogen in coniferous forest soils after clear-felling and harvests of different intensity.

For. Ecol. Manag. Changes in forest disturbance are likely to be greatest in coniferous forests and the boreal biome, according to a review of global climate change effects on biotic and abiotic forest .plants and soils.

CARBON FLUX, IN GIGATONS PER YEAR ~ Figure 1. The global carbon cycle. Carbon naturally moves, or cycles, between the atmosphere and vegetation, soils, and the oceans over time scales ranging from years to millennia and longer.

Human activities, primarily the burning of fossil fuels and clearing of forests, have.